How to Improve Product Sense – A Practical Guide

Ever since I published What Product Sense Is and Isn’t, lots of folks have asked me how they can go about improving product sense. My answer had always been “use more products.”

While this advice isn’t wrong, I realized that it is too vague to be actionable, especially for those who have just begun their product journeys. Therefore, I decided to put together this list of guided exercises that anyone can follow to take their product sense to the next level.

What is product sense?

If you are not sure what product sense is, here’s a quick definition:

The ability to make good product judgment regardless of domain and amount of information given.

It’s important to point out that product sense isn’t just an eye for UI/UX design. It is also:

  • User empathy
  • Business acumen
  • Creative problem-solving

Components of product sense

For example, when someone with a strong product sense tries out a new app for the first time, not only can she tell you which part of the user experience can be improved, but she can also give you some directionally-correct guesses on how the product compares to its alternatives, what threats it might face, and what adjacent use cases it might expand into.

You can learn more about my explanation of product sense here.

Now, without further ado, let’s get into the exercises:

Analyze a product with 3W3H

Using lots of products is the best way to develop product sense, but simply going through the motions won’t be very effective. You must also analyze:

  • What problem is it solving?
  • Who has this problem?
  • Who are they competing against?
  • How are they solving this problem differently?
  • How does it make money?
  • How was your experience using this product?

Don’t try to answer all these questions in your head. You will need to go through its website, test out different features, and do a lot of googling to understand the market it operates in.

If you have trouble finding products to analyze, simply look at products you are already using or check out Product Hunt and TechCrunch. You can start with products that solve problems you personally understand, then slowly branch out to less familiar categories.

Product sense exercise worksheet - Analyze a product with 3W3H

Compare products in the same category

Pick a product category, such as food delivery apps or email marketing software, try 3-5 products within this category, and then compare them side by side:

  • What do they have in common?
  • In what ways are they different?
  • What are the strengths and weaknesses of each solution?
  • Which one do you think is the best, and why?
  • If someone prefers a different one, what could be the reasons?

If making a comparison at the product level feels too broad, you can focus on a specific feature instead. The key to this exercise is to closely observe how the same problem can be solved in different ways, so you can recognize similar patterns as well as distinguish patterns that only look similar on the surface. 

Product sense exercise worksheet: Compare products

Analyze user feedback and feature suggestions

Many products have their own communities or public feature suggestion lists, such as Webflow Wishlist, r/Notion, and Mixpanel community. These are great sources of ideas you can peek into.

Pick a product you’re familiar with and go through its community:

  • What are some popular feature requests?
  • What are users trying to accomplish? Challenge yourself to dig deeper with 5 Whys.
  • Can the goal be accomplished in a better way? 

Reading raw user feedback helps you pick up nuances like their contexts, emotions, motivations, and biases, so you can train yourself to develop better user empathy.   

Redesign a user experience 

Think of a user experience that frustrated you:

  • Why is this experience not ideal?
  • How would you improve it?
  • Why is your redesign better?
  • Could this redesign introduce any issues, even for just a small segment of users?
  • If someone were to criticize your design, what might they say?

Turn your solution into a wireframe (or high-fidelity mockup) using a design tool like Figma or Whimsical. The goal of this exercise is to sharpen your ground-level design sense, so try to limit the scope to a specific user flow (e.g. signup, data import, etc.) while respecting the boundaries that have been set up by the rest of the product.

Don’t worry if you’ve never had formal design training. You don’t need it to start practicing design. But if you really feel stuck, here are some tips:

  • Search for inspiration on Dribbble or Behance.
  • Reuse elements from the product you are redesigning (copy/paste from screenshots).

Design a new feature/product

Now you get to unleash your creativity to design a brand-new feature or product. Think of a product or feature that you wish existed; how would you design it?

Some key points you should start with:

  • What is the use case? It can either “solve a problem” or “create a new opportunity”.
  • Who cares a lot? It is definitely not “everyone”.
  • Who are your competitors? Think bigger than similar products. The real competition is often the status quo.

The main focus of this exercise is at the concept level, so you don’t need to spend too much time pondering the design details. However, it might be helpful to visualize some high-level user flows.  

If you need inspiration on how to approach designing a product/feature, check out these examples:

NOTE: Although these videos are about PM interviews (not the focus of this guide), they do offer a glimpse into how good PMs think on the real job.

Build a side project with no-code tools

Building something with your own hands is the best way to learn the nitty-gritty of product work. You will be motivated to learn best practices for the smallest detail to make your product look good. And the best part? You are free to explore any ideas without worrying about “messing things up.”

In the past, this would require you to know how to code, but thanks to the advancement of no-code platforms, anyone can now turn ideas into reality!

Here are some tools that I recommend you start with (all of them have free plans):

Make sure you don’t just build things behind closed doors. Get your work out in the wild to gather feedback from real people, even if you have no intention to scale it. 

Indie Hackers, Makerpad, and No Code Founders are all great communities to share your work with. People there are kind and supportive, so you won’t have to worry about getting judged!No-code stack for PM

Study user psychology, design principles, and business concepts

If you want to build muscles effectively, you need to have basic knowledge of human anatomy, nutrition, and physiology. 

The same applies to improving product sense. If you want to understand what makes a product good, you need basic knowledge of user psychology, design principles, and business concepts. 

Take some time to study them from resources like:

You might be thinking, ‘Do I need to learn these theories before I do the above exercises?’ 

The answer is no, these are not a prerequisite to improving product sense. In fact, don’t treat them as universal facts or hard rules to follow. Their purpose is to expand the number of mental models in your arsenal, so you can decide which one(s) to apply in each unique context. 

Read “how did X do Y” case studies

The product community loves sharing stories about how they tackled specific problems or achieved certain goals. These case studies offer insights into how other product people make decisions in real-life situations, so you can learn from their experiences in a contextualized manner.

Look for articles with titles like “How {product} did {something}.” For example:

However, note that these stories often leave out crucial details or attribute success to the wrong reasons. It’s important that you read them with a healthy dose of skepticism. 

Keep up with trends

Product sense is not a static concept.

What’s considered a good product today might not be so in five years due to evolving user behaviors, regulations, and socio-economic factors. That’s why you must keep up with the latest trends in tech and business. 

Here are some ways to do so:

Bonus tips

Get feedback from mentors

If you can find mentors to practice these exercises with, you should definitely do it. 

Having product veterans poke holes in your thinking and offer their opinions will build your product sense 3-4X faster.

You can find mentors within your company, in online communities, or through paid services (such as ADPList). However, keep in mind that not all product veterans are familiar with the methods of teaching product sense. If you feel like that is the case, you can suggest this coaching format shared by Shreyas Doshi. 

Balance consuming and doing

Like any skill, improving product sense requires both consuming new knowledge and applying it in practice. The exact ratio will depend on your current level, but generally speaking, I recommend spending 30% of your time consuming and 70% doing.

Partial reps are better than no rep

Don’t feel that you need 1-2 hours of uninterrupted time to perform these exercises. Even a 10-minute coffee break is enough to get in some light reps. Once practicing your product thinking becomes second nature, you will be doing it on autopilot all the time.

Study non-digital products and services

Learn from as many types of products or services as possible. For example:

  • Physical products: Backpack, toothbrush, vending machine, etc.
  • Everyday services: Restaurant, post office, car rental, etc.
  • Other specialized fields: Gaming (seriously, a great industry to get ideas from), government, urban planning, etc.

On the surface, they might not seem relevant to digital products, but the truth is that great innovations always draw inspiration from other disciplines. Your product sense will be stretched so much wider if you branch out. 

(As a side note, I strongly recommend that you read The Design of Everyday Things.)

Try new things, meet new people, travel to new places

I know this again sounds irrelevant, but it is in fact an underrated piece of advice.

As product people, we often get trapped inside the tech bubble and our own domains. However, the users we serve come from all walks of life, and the problems we try to solve are always evolving. There is no better way to burst these bubbles than by exposing ourselves to diverse thoughts. This helps improve our empathy and creativity, both of which are essential components of product sense.

Practice, practice, practice

Great product sense isn’t built in one day – you need lots of repetitions. 

But if you can spare even 15 minutes a day to practice these exercises with a genuine desire to grow, I promise that you will see progress sooner than you think.

Happy practicing! 

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Hi, I’m Austin!

I love exploring new ways of building and growing products. If this sounds like your cup of tea, feel free to get in touch.

Austin Yang profile

Hi, I’m Austin.

I write about product management, SaaS, growth, plus anything that comes to mind during hot showers.